Energy-related CO2 output growth at slowest in five years -BP

Published 17:20 on June 10, 2015  /  Last updated at 17:22 on June 10, 2015  /  Africa, Americas, Asia Pacific, China, EMEA, Japan, Middle East, Other APAC, South & Central, South Korea, Switzerland, US  /  No Comments

Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from energy use grew by just 0.5% in 2014, the slowest growth rate since the economic crisis in 2009, oil producer BP said on Wednesday.

Global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from energy use grew by just 0.5% in 2014, the slowest growth rate since the economic crisis in 2009, oil producer BP said on Wednesday.

Excluding the exceptional blip in 2009, last year’s growth rate was the slowest since 1998, the company said in its annual statistical review of world energy, a widely referenced source.

BP said this was mainly due to “the changing pace and pattern of Chinese economic growth”, as the world’s biggest emitter aims to rebalance its economy away from energy-intensive heavy industries into higher value services.

This also caused global primary energy consumption to slow markedly to just 0.9% in 2014, a lower rate than at any time since the late 1990s apart from 2009 and well below the 10-year average of 2.1%.

Renewables were the fastest growing form of energy, accounting for one third of the increase in overall primary energy use despite accounting for only 3% of total primary energy demand.

The review also showed that the US overtook Saudi Arabia as the world’s biggest oil producer and surpassed Russia as the world’s largest producer of oil and gas.

CO2 GROWERS AND CUTTERS

In absolute terms, China increased its emissions the most, accounting for 157Mt of the world’s total year-on-year growth of 187Mt, according to the BP data.  Germany, Ukraine, Japan and the UK were the biggest absolute cutters in 2014, all reducing their output by more than 40Mt each.

In percentage terms, Turkmenistan (+15.7%), Vietnam (+12.3%) and Qatar (+9.1%) grew their emissions the most, while Ukraine (-18%), Slovakia (-11.3%) and Switzerland (-10.5%) were the biggest reducers.

Below is a table of the world’s largest energy-related CO2 emitters according to BP, listed by country, region, continent and OECD membership. Columns include millions of tonnes of CO2 emitted in 2014, % share of global total, absolute and % change over 2013, and absolute and & change over 2005.

2014 2013-14 2005-14
MtCO2 Gbl Share Abs.Chg %Chg Abs.Chg %Chg
US 5,994.6 16.9% 53.2 0.9% -500.4 -7.7%
Canada 620.5 1.7% 0.7 0.1% -15.5 -2.4%
N.AMERICA 7,114.9 20.0% 46.5 0.7% -487.0 -6.4%
Brazil 581.7 1.6% 22.7 4.1% 198.3 51.7%
S&C.AMERICA 1,486.6 4.2% 22.2 1.5% 392.0 35.8%
EU 3,705.0 10.4% -210.9 -5.4% -832.8 -18.4%
France 347.5 1.0% -33.1 -8.7% -85.9 -19.8%
Germany 798.6 2.2% -47.4 -5.6% -81.4 -9.2%
Italy 347.1 1.0% -30.7 -8.1% -151.2 -30.3%
Poland 316.8 0.9% -12.3 -3.7% -1.2 -0.4%
Russia 1,657.2 4.7% -25.8 -1.5% 62.7 3.9%
Turkey 348.5 1.0% 23.8 7.3% 107.4 44.5%
UK 470.8 1.3% -44.0 -8.5% -132.8 -22.0%
EUROPE&EURASIA 6,657.5 18.8% -265.6 -3.8% -673.9 -9.2%
Iran 650.4 1.8% 17.2 2.7% 179.7 38.2%
Saudi Arabia 665.0 1.9% 46.9 7.6% 243.5 57.8%
MID.EAST 2,227.8 6.3% 88.1 4.1% 703.4 46.1%
South Africa 452.2 1.3% 7.6 1.7% 52.1 13.0%
AFRICA 1,194.8 3.4% 29.6 2.5% 235.2 24.5%
Australia 374.9 1.1% -8.7 -2.3% -10.4 -2.7%
China 9,761.1 27.5% 86.9 0.9% 3,435.0 54.3%
India 2,088.0 5.9% 156.9 8.1% 908.0 77.0%
Indonesia 548.7 1.5% 18.9 3.6% 190.0 53.0%
Japan 1,343.1 3.8% -43.0 -3.1% -61.8 -4.4%
South Korea 768.3 2.2% 0.5 0.1% 166.2 27.6%
Taiwan 332.9 0.9% 2.8 0.8% 11.2 3.5%
Thailand 346.9 1.0% 12.1 3.6% 90.6 35.3%
ASIA-PAC. 16,817.0 47.4% 266.2 1.6% 5,049.7 42.9%
OECD 13,770.5 38.8% -202.7 -1.5% -1,054.3 -7.1%
NON-OECD 21,728.2 61.2% 389.5 1.8% 6,273.7 40.6%
WORLD 35,498.7 100.0% 186.9 0.5% 5,219.4 17.2%

 

By Ben Garside and Mike Szabo – news@carbon-pulse.com

 

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