This dossier gives an overview of the three sub-national low-carbon fuel standards (LCFSs) in North America, market-based mechanisms for reducing the carbon intensity of transportation fuels within a jurisdiction.
A low-carbon fuel standard (LCFS) is a rule enacted to reduce carbon intensity in transportation fuels as compared to conventional petroleum fuels. The most common low-carbon fuels are alternative fuels and cleaner fossil fuels, such as ethanol, biodiesel, liquified natural gas, and electricity. The main purpose of a low-carbon fuel standard is to reduce the carbon footprint of the transportation sector by decreasing CO2 emissions from vehicles. The first low-carbon fuel standard mandate in the world was adopted by California in 2009 and took effect in Jan. 2013.
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