DOSSIER: Kazakhstan Emissions Trading System

Published 14:00 on January 1, 2016  /  Last updated at 19:31 on August 26, 2016  /  Conversations, Dossiers  /  No Comments

This dossier gives details of the Kazakh programme including its initial pilot period, its aborted phase and subsequent suspension. It also features a summary of key elements by the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP).

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Summary (ICAP)

ICAPlogoSummary provided by the secretariat of the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), a multilateral forum working on carbon markets. For more information, visit ICAP’s website.  Copyright © ICAP and reproduced with permission.


General information:

Kazakhstan launched an ETS (KAZ ETS) in January 2013. In January 2015, it entered the third phase of operation (2016-2020). The groundwork for the development of an ETS was laid out in 2011 through amendments and additions to Kazakhstan’s environmental legislation. Kazakhstan is currently working on improving these underlying laws.  Additionally, the Senate is considering a draft law to suspend the KAZ ETS until 2018 in order to improve the system.

Background information:

Compliance in the KAZ ETS is mandatory for entities of covered sectors that fall within the inclusion threshold.

There is an absolute cap of 153 MtCO2e (2015), which represents a 1.5% reduction compared to the average CO2 emissions of capped entities in 2011-2012.

Total emissions and proportion covered:

284.3 MtCO2e (2012) (55%)

Liable entities:

140 (2016)

Sector Coverage:

Downstream: power, industry

Gas coverage:




Free allocation


Offsets & credits:



Phases & Compliance periods:

Phase I: 2013

Phase II. 2014-2015

Phase III. 2016-2020


Compliance Period: one year.


Temporal Flexibility

Banking and borrowing are not provided by current legislation.


For further information, visit the ICAP ETS Map.



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